« Big Banks Finance Payday Lenders: You Knew that but did you Know some also Make payday loans? | Main | This-Is-It EU Summit Eupdate »

Laboratories of Democracy and the Commissioners of Uniformity

posted by Alan White

States have passed a variety of changes to foreclosure laws and court rules in response to the foreclosure crisis, including new notice and mediation requirements to stimulate workouts between lenders and borrowers.  Some of these laws have been found effective in reducing foreclosures.  Subprime mortgages with delinquent payments are much more likely to end in foreclosure sales in nonjudicial foreclosures states, while states with both judicial foreclosure and strong consumer protections, like New York and Pennsylvania, have modification rates well above the national average (Download Delinquent Subprime Loan Outcomes by State Excel table.)

On the other hand, nonjudicial foreclosure is faster and cheaper, which can be an advantage when dealing with abandoned properties.   States also vary considerably in the amount of time homeowners have to cure a default before foreclosure, or redeem a property after foreclosure.

The Uniform Law Commission, who bring you the Uniform Commercial Code and other model state laws, is launching a project to consider drafting a uniform foreclosure law for the 50 states.  The study group consists of professors, judges, and lawyers, but notably absent is any member who could be regarded as a consumer or homeowner advocate or even sympathizer.  Interested parties may request to participate as observers, and I am told that observers have had some influence on these uniform law projects in the past.  Of course, whatever the ULC drafts does not become law until a state legislature chooses to adopt it.

In the case of foreclosure notices, ADR, redemption, and the judicial/nonjudicial debate, my own view is that uniformity among states is neither likely nor especially desirable. Nevertheless, this ULC project bears watching.

 

 

Comments

I've participated in these things. Observers can have clout, if:
1. The observer is backed by a strong interest group. Consumer observers had a fair amount of clout in the Article 9 process, for example, because of their perceived veto power (although they were stonily ignored in the UCITA process); or
2. The observer is a well-respected technician. You can carry the respect in with you, or earn it at the drafting meetings by your performance. The clout is limited, however, to matters perceived as technical. Of course, some "technical" matters can involve big policy issues; and
3. The observer can afford to go to drafting sessions, which are held all over the country. This links back to #1, although I've known some pro se observers who have their own resources, and fall into the "respected technicians" category.

In 2002, the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws drafted the Uniform Nonjudicial Foreclosure Act which failed miserably. Every state voted it down.

The comments to this entry are closed.

Contributors

Current Guests

Follow Us On Twitter

Like Us on Facebook

  • Like Us on Facebook

    By "Liking" us on Facebook, you will receive excerpts of our posts in your Facebook news feed. (If you change your mind, you can undo it later.) Note that this is different than "Liking" our Facebook page, although a "Like" in either place will get you Credit Slips post on your Facebook news feed.

News Feed

Categories

Bankr-L

  • As a public service, the University of Illinois College of Law operates Bankr-L, an e-mail list on which bankruptcy professionals can exchange information. Bankr-L is administered by one of the Credit Slips bloggers, Professor Robert M. Lawless of the University of Illinois. Although Bankr-L is a free service, membership is limited only to persons with a professional connection to the bankruptcy field (e.g., lawyer, accountant, academic, judge). To request a subscription on Bankr-L, click here to visit the page for the list and then click on the link for "Subscribe." After completing the information there, please also send an e-mail to Professor Lawless (rlawless@illinois.edu) with a short description of your professional connection to bankruptcy. A link to a URL with a professional bio or other identifying information would be great.

OTHER STUFF

Powered by TypePad