Catch Veinte Dos
A few days ago, Mark and I put up a post on the possibilities of using Chapter 15 bankruptcy for Venezuela's state-owned company, PDVSA. In response, we received a number of terrific comments, both via email and in the comments section.
One of the particularly interesting points that was made to us (both in email and in one of the comments), that we had not raised was the following:
PDVSA is not just a Venezuelan company; it is the Venezuelan company -- the company responsible for generating 95% of the foreign currency earnings of the entire country. Placing the fate of PDVSA into the hands of a bankruptcy judge poses an existential risk to the economy and to the government as the sole owner of the company unless, of course, the government can control the outcome of the insolvency proceeding. But insolvency proceedings in which the equity owner of the bankrupt enterprise can control the outcome are not proceedings likely to be recognized or enforced by foreign courts.
Catch Veinte Dos?
The foregoing also brings up a slightly different question that Bob Rasmussen asked when he was visiting us last week, which was whether the bankruptcy proceeding could be conducted in a manner such that the 100% equity holder (who would normally have to turn over control to the debt holders in an insolvency) could retain all or almost all of the equity. After all, it does seem clear that Venezuela is not going to accept giving up full control of PDVSA. Bob did have some very interesting thoughts as to how this might be done in a purely domestic context. The question that remained though was whether something similar could be engineered for the foreign state-owned company context that wasn't going to give up any control of the process. But more on this later